The main objective of WP4 is to identify solutions to overcome the three ESPREssO challenges using the inputs from WPs 1 and 2. More specific objectives are:

  • Identification of actions to answer sticking points identified in WPs 1 and 2.
  • Identification of future research activities for the topics not mature enough to be proposed as operational solutions.
  • Identification of ways to mainstream and integrate these actions in laws, regulations and decision making processes.


WP4 will identify solutions to overcome the three challenges of ESPREssO. The solutions will be based on the collection, formalisation and analysis of the feedback from stakeholders, and from the results of WP2. ESPREssO will use an “action database” (ADB) with inter-related tables (e.g., MS Access format) to achieve this goal. Each action will be detailed in the database and associated with at least one of the three ESPREssO challenges, a state level (for example: ok, to be improved, sticking point), a topic category (data, information/education, etc.), an expected impact, and an indicator of performance. The following figure shows an example of the data model (not exhaustive here) that could be used to design the ADB.


WP4 ESPREssO espresso database




This tool will give the opportunity to formalise discussions during workshops and to store their content in a database. Once the information is classified using different criteria, including the date of recording, it will be easy to know the progress state of all actions at any time. Version tracking of the databases will thus be implemented to trace evolutions during the project life. In particular, indicator analysis (origin, impact, evolution in time) will be easy to access and comment upon.


Task 4.1: Definition and implementation of the ADB architecture (Task leader: G. Grandjean – BRGM) (M1-12)

During the first phase of the project, the grid of the database will be pre-established based on a preliminary analysis of existing knowledge from WP2 and scenario descriptions from WP3. This first version of the grid will be provided for the Stakeholder Forum meeting.

BRGM will realise the ADB architecture and will implement it in a database platform (Dbase, Oracle or MS Access).

This task will produce D4.1, D4.3 and D4.6.


Task 4.2: RMS results analysis (Task leader: G. Grandjean – BRGM; AMRA, GFZ, DKKV, UCPH, HUD, ETHZ) (M12-24)

During the SF meeting and the three TT meetings, statements of players will be scribed by at least two project members speaking the language of the mobilised stakeholders (French, German or Italian). They will then be transcribed into the common database. For actions already existing in the database,if relevant, a new entry will be created with the updated status. The analysis of the game results at the beginning and mid-term of the project will provide key points for further communication to stakeholders and to implement the scenarios.

This task will produce D4.2.


Task 4.3: Analysis of changes (Task leader: G. Grandjean – BRGM; ETHZ, GFZ) (M12-24)

This task aims at sorting the content of the ADB resulting from Task 4.1 to analyse the fields that have progressed the most between the SF meeting and the three TT meetings. The database format will allow an in-depth analysis of the different criteria defined with the SF. We can thus imagine weighting the influence of the different stakeholders if relevant.

The actions revealing the progress will be identified to pursue efforts.

The products of this task will be included into D 4.7 of Task 4.5.


Task 4.4: Analysis of indicators of Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction and resilience strengthening (Task leader: G. Grandjean – BRGM; AMRA, HUD, UCPH) (M1-24)

The changes identified will be transcribed as indicators to assess quantitatively what will be improved on the field in terms of climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and resilience. Recommendations will be driven from those indicators and their evolution at the different steps of the project (beginning, preparatory and analysis phase). The three recommendation lists will feed the final guidelines of WP5.

This task will produce D4.4 and D4.5.


Task 4.5: Identification of solutions to overcome the three ESPREssO challenges (Task leader: K. Cedervall Lauta – UCPH; AMRA, GFZ, BRGM, DKKV, HUD, ETHZ) (M20-27)

Using all data by the previous tasks of this WP, viable solutions to the three challenges will be identified and will be included into the final guidelines produced by the project.

For each challenge a couple of experts will summarise the viable solutions. They will be:

- HUD (R. Haigh) and ETHZ (A. Scolobig) for the Challenge “Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) vs Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)”.

- AMRA (P. Gasparini) and UCPH (K. Cedervall Lauta) for the Challenge “Science vs Legal/policy issues in DRR”.

- GFZ (S. Parolai) and BRGM (G. Grandjean) for the challenge “National regulations for the preparation to trans-boundary crises”.

This task will produce D 4.7.